Ethernet - 100 meters (328 feet)
Beyond that, it drops to the same 10 Gbps speed of Cat6 and Cat6a (although it still retains its superior 850 Mhz bandwidth).
If you don’t have a crimping tool, no problem! Use a pair of scissors or a utility knife to cut away a section of the sheathing at the end of the cable, untwist and arrange the small cables in the right order, put them into the RJ-45 connector, and use a small, flathead screwdriver to press down each of the pins.
The first major difference is the gigabit standards require the use of all four pairs (all eight wires), unlike Fast Ethernet which only utilizes two pairs of wires. As a result, in Gigabit Ethernet, all four pairs must be crossed when building a Crossover cable. That said, Gigabit Ethernet requires Auto MDI-X.
Exterior-grade Ethernet cables are waterproof and can be buried in the ground without a conduit. If you aren’t burying the cable, choose a waterproof Cat 6 cable that has a UV protective jacket to prevent damage from sunlight exposure. This is important when running the cable up the side of a house or across a roof.
As for doing this without a crimper, have fun! If you are going to try it, use a small flat-head screwdriver to push down the pins into the wires. You will need to push down all 8 pins into the 8 wires.